/ Verbs (1)

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What is a Verb?


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A verb is a word that shows action or being. Whatever you are doing can be expressed by a verb.


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A sentence can have only one word as long as that word is a verb. Play! Stop! Run

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Verbs can be classified according to whether they are

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action verbs or linking verbs






















Action verbs

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Action Verbs are used to show when somebody does something

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There are two types of action verbs



transitive and intransitive


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Transitive verbs

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A transitive verb expresses an action and is followed by an object that receives the action of the verb.

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In the following examples, transitive Verbs are shown in color and direct objects of these Verbs are underlined.


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I washed (what?) the car yesterday.
I took (whom?) my sister to the movie.
John studies (what?) English.


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Intransitive verbs
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An intransitive verb expresses an action but is not followed by an object.

Applying (what?) or (whom?) test to an intransitive verb shows immediately that an object cannot follow.







Examples//


Toms grades improved (what? whom?) with the help of a tutor.
The child cried (what? whom?) loudly.
The mother sang (what? whom?) to her children.



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Many Verbs can be both transitive and intransitive.
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In the following examples, transitive Verbs are shown in color and direct objects of transitive Verbs are underlined. Intransitive Verbs are shown in color and underlined.



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John studies (what?) English.
John studies hard.

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The mother sang (what?) the song to her children.
The mother sang to her children.












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English regular and irregular Verbs
Regular Verbs




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Most English Verbs are regular. Regular Verbs just add d or ed when they change principal parts from the present to the past to the past participle.



d or -ed- ..

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I learn English now. (present)
I learned English last year. (past)
In a short time she has learned English well. (past participle)



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Irregular Verbs


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Irregular Verbs form their past tenses and past participles in unpredictable ways

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There are some patterns among them
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(blow-blew)
know -knew
, (spring-sprang
drink-drank
but it is not always easy to apply these paterns. The only way to learn irregular Verbs is to memorize them.


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Kim worked all day long.


transitive verb
intransitive verb



The class nominated Soha for the position.


transitive verb
intransitive verb




My mother lived in syria during her childhood.


transitive verb
intransitive verb





Professor Mohamad proved the difficult theorem in under five minutes.


transitive verb
intransitive verb






My grandmother makes a great cake.


transitive verb
intransitive verb

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classify these Verbs into regular Verbs and irregular verbs:


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work


find


walk


see


learn


eat


play


know


say


drink

















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randoda





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randoda



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:An Adverb

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