The sixth lesson / Verbs

مجتمع رجيم / أرشيف رجيم
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What is a Verb?

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A verb is a word that shows action or being. Whatever you are doing can be expressed by a verb.

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A sentence can have only one word as long as that word is a verb. Play! Stop! Run
يمكن ان تحتوي الجمله على كلمه واحده مادامت تلك الكلمه فعلا ..
مثل / العب ... توقف ... اجري




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Verbs can be classified according to whether they are
يمكن ان نصنف الافعال الى ..
action verbs or linking verbs





















Action verbs
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Action verbs are used to show when somebody does something
وهي الافعال التي تشير بوقوع حدث معين ..
There are two types of action verbs


transitive and intransitive

.
Transitive verbs
الفعل المتعدي..
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A transitive verb expresses an action and is followed by an object that receives the action of the verb.
هذا الفعل يعبر عن وقوع حدث معين ويجب ان يكون متبوع بمفعول به..




In the following examples, transitive verbs are shown in color and direct objects of these verbs are underlined.

في الامثله التاليه ...
الكلمات الملونه باللون الاخضر هي الافعال المتعديه
والكلمات التي تحتها خط هي المفعول به


I washed (what?) the car yesterday.
I took (whom?) my sister to the movie.
John studies (what?) English.

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Intransitive verbs
الفعل اللازم ..
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An intransitive verb expresses an action but is not followed by an object.
Applying (what?) or (whom?) test to an intransitive verb shows immediately that an object cannot follow.

الفعل الازم هو الفعل الذي يُدلل بوقوع حدث ولكنه لا يُتبع بمفعول به



Examples//

Tom’s grades improved (what? whom?) with the help of a tutor.
The child cried (what? whom?) loudly.
The mother sang (what? whom?) to her children.


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Many verbs can be both transitive and intransitive.
بعض الافعال يمكن ان تكون متعديه ولازمه ...

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In the following examples, transitive verbs are shown in color and direct objects of transitive verbs are underlined. Intransitive verbs are shown in color and underlined.

في الامثله التاليه يمكن ان نلاحظ الفعال المتعديه ملونه باللون الاخضر والمفعول به يوجد تحته خط
بينما الفعل اللازم فإنه ملون باللون الوردي وتحته خط ..
John studies (what?) English.
John studies hard.
*****************************************

The mother sang (what?) the song to her children.
The mother sang to her children.











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English regular and irregular verbs
Regular Verbs



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Most English verbs are regular. Regular verbs just add –d or –ed when they change principal parts from the present to the past to the past participle.
اغلب الافعال في اللغه الانجليزيه هي افعال منتظمــه
والافعال المنتظمه هي التي لايتغير شكلها بتغير الزمن
إلا اننا نضيف اضافات بسيطه فقط لنوضح تغير الزمن مثل اضافه d or -ed- في الزمن الماضي البسيط والمضارع والماضي التام ..
مثل ..

I learn English now. (present)
I learned English last year. (past)
In a short time she has learned English well. (past participle)


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Irregular Verbs
الافعال الغير منتظمــه
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Irregular Verbs form their past tenses and past participles in unpredictable ways
صياغه الافعال الغير منتظمه تكون بطريقه متقلبه ولا يوجد لها قاعده معينه مثل الافعال المنتظمه .






There are some patterns among them

هذه بعض الامثله للافعال الغير منتظمه ..
(blow-blew)
know -knew
, (spring-sprang
drink-drank

but it is not always easy to apply these paterns. The only way to learn irregular verbs is to memorize them.

والطريقه الوحيده لتعلم الافعال الغير منتظمه هي حفظها ..

ويمكن ان تجدينها في الجدول التالي ..
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إنتهى الدرس sixth lesson Verbs smile03.gif


الدرس القادم بمشيئه الله تعالي سيكون يوم الاثنين sixth lesson Verbs 000003254.gif

وبالنسبه للاخوات اللي مع الاخت رسولي قدوتي يمكنهم ارسال الاجابات لعندي لان الاخت رسولي قدوتي في الاجازه الى يوم الاربعاء بسبب الاختبارات sixth lesson Verbs pinch.gif

ربنا يعينها ويوفقها ... sixth lesson Verbs smile15.gif



sixth lesson Verbs w6w_2005052016310059
الواجب
Kim worked all day long.

transitive verb
intransitive verb


The class nominated Ella for the position.

transitive verb
intransitive verb



My mother lived in Peru during her childhood.

transitive verb
intransitive verb




Professor Zeeman proved the difficult theorem in under five minutes.

transitive verb

intransitive verb





My grandmother makes a great cake.

transitive verb
intransitive verb


classify these verbs into regular verbs and irregular verbs:





(مازال الموضوع تحت الانشاء sixth lesson Verbs smile03.gif )
رسولي قدوتي


بارك الله فيكِ أختي الغاليه

وجزاكِ كل خير


مجهود تشكري عليه


ـآم فيصل
جزاكِ كل خير


مجهود تشكري عليه



التالي

اتغيرتي بعد الجواز؟؟؟

السابق

يــــــــــــــومــيات مســـابقة " صحــتنا في غــذائــنا"

كلمات ذات علاقة
lesson , sixth , verbs